1857 - Moses Montefiore is vigorously developing the country and have difficulties to transport machinery and raw materials. His fifth visit in Palestin was attaching an experienced English railway engineer, to determine if the idea to build a railway from Jaffa to Jerusalem applicable. The engineer states that can be done, but a huge financial investment.
1869 - the community felt economic revival ; Suez Canal opens, Bflstina Jaffa road was built - Jerusalem, Bnei Templers settled in the country and bring with them the modernization and the company "Thomas Cook" organizes tourist trips to Israel and Egypt and the Holy. Result of all these sounds to build a railroad in the country, but these fade, because of difficulty in raising capital required.
1888 - Joseph Navon, Jerusalem Jewish entrepreneur who holds nationality Turk recognizes the economic potential of developing a rail line from Jaffa to Jerusalem. In light of the growing movement of pilgrimage to Israel is facing the Ottoman Sultan Abdul - Hamid franchise to establish the line please. Sultan gives intelligent concession for a rail trouble between Jaffa and Jerusalem to 71 years. You can claim a limited right to operate the first four years, to build two more lines: north and south-west of Nablus, Gaza. Collateral realization of concession paid 5,000 pounds wise Turkic.
1889 - French company turns wise that acquires him the concession for a million French francs. And establishes a railroad stock company Jaffa - Jerusalem.
1890 - (March 30) ceremony commencement of work on the railway route was made in the hope of Israel. Station "Jaffa" was established east of the neighborhood oblivion. For laying the line being dug on the southern edge of Jerusalem's Neve Tzedek neighborhood, a valley in which lay the tracks. Above it was built "a bridge of three". Stations in Jerusalem and Jaffa were designed identically, except for construction materials.
86 km track length and width 100 cm. The track climbed to a height of 700 meters above sea level and the maximum slope was 2 percent.
1892 (September 26) - Inauguration ceremony of the railway line from Jaffa to Jerusalem was made at the edge of Jerusalem's German Colony, with a delegation from Constantinople and some 150 distinguished guests. Duration of trip in the early years was 6 hours. Travel first class, with special cells, rose 50 cent and second-class travel increased 30 divorced.
1893 - 69 421 leads train passengers and 10 816 tons of freight.
1895 - Most of the tourists and pilgrims who come Lflstina late 19th and early 20th century immigrants to Jerusalem by train.
1896 - The gross income per kilometer railway is the 5790 Frank and another third-class and poor.
1898 (October 28) - Herzl travels by train from Jaffa to meet the Kaiser Wilhelm II in Jerusalem. Kaiser Wilhelm II back on the train from Jerusalem to Jaffa (November 4) cars made especially for him (a reconstruction of the railway car is displayed at the museum in Haifa).
1911 - Sales train standing on the 15 963 French Francs per kilometer. To Tel Aviv railway administration pays 600 francs per year, for a guard at the crossing on Herzl, whose job is to close the crossing for 10 minutes before arrival.
1913 - a leading train passengers and 182 700 -43 500 tonnes from Jaffa to Jerusalem. Line frequently runs with two trains per day, for passengers and goods. Despite the difficult travel conditions, train fare significantly higher fare Bdilig'ans only have the ability to use its services. Eight passengers line locomotives, 30 passenger cars and 70 freight cars.